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The Relationships of Teacher Ethnic Discrimination, Ethnic Identification, and Host National Identification to School Misconduct of Turkish and Moroccan Immigrant Adolescents in Belgium

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Pages 318-333
Received 05 Nov 2015
Accepted 27 Jan 2016
Published online: 22 Jul 2016


We focus on school misconduct and how ethnic teacher discrimination, ethnic identification, and host national identification are associated with school misconduct of male and female immigrant adolescents. Additionally, we verify the moderating role of ethnic identification and host national identification. The results show that discrimination and host national identification are related with the school deviance of immigrant adolescents. The relationship between discrimination and school deviance differs for male and female adolescents. Ethnic identification and host national identification only moderate the relationship of ethnic teacher discrimination and school delinquency for girls who experienced ethnic teacher discrimination on a frequent basis.


This article has been made possible by funding from the Special Research Fund of Ghent University (B/11666/02).

Additional information


This article has been made possible by funding from the Special Research Fund of Ghent University (B/11666/02).

Notes on contributors

Fanny D’hondt

FANNY D’HONDT received her Ph.D. in sociology in 2015. Currently, she is working as a researcher at the Department of Sociology of Ghent University and she is a member of the CuDOS research team. Her research interests are social and educational inequalities, racism and ethnic discrimination and the well-being and academic achievement of ethnic minority students.

Jacquelynne S. Eccles

JACQUELYNNE S. ECCLES is the Distinguished Professor of Education at the University of California, Irvine and formerly the McKeachie/Pintrich Distinguished University Professor of Psychology and Education at the University of Michigan. Her research interests are academic motivation and achievement, school and family influences on adolescent development, gender, and ethnicity in STEM fields.

Mieke Van Houtte

MIEKE VAN HOUTTE received her Ph.D. in Sociology in 2002 from Ghent University. Currently, she is Full Professor at the Department of Sociology, Ghent University, and she is head of the CuDOS research team. Her research interests include diverse topics within the sociology of education, covering school effects research, education and gender, tracking research, and topics related to antisocial school behavior and school misconduct.

Peter A. J. Stevens

PETER A. J. STEVENS received his Ph.D. in Sociology in 2006 from Warwick University (UK). Currently, he is Lecturer at the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences, Ghent University. His main fields of interest are race and ethnic relations, sociology of education, and qualitative research.

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